Two mountain bike riders in Upper Mustang, Nepal

Cycle the Forbidden Kingdom









Torma Cakes

Tal - Lake

Durbur Square

- Group of mountains

- Pre-Buddhist, animistic religion

- River

- Pass over high mountains

- Tibetan monastery

- Forts

- Tibetan ritual cakes used as offerings

- Lake

- Plazas opposite old royal palaces

Day 1: Overnight Flight  

For those of us departing from Melbourne, we'll spend our day catching up with family, packing or finalising last minute details at work, before a late evening departure from Melbourne airport.

Day 2: Kathmandu   Accomodation: Hotel  Meals D

We'll arrive at Kathmandu airport around lunchtime.  After purchasing our Visa and clearing customs we will be warmly greeted, and transferred to our accommodation in Kathmandu to meet our guides and attend a group briefing.  Then we will have some time to settle in, relax or explore the local area, before feasting on a welcome dinner.

The back street maze of Thamel, where you can get everything and anything. 
Day 3: Drive Kathmandu to Pokhara   Accomodation: Hotel  Meals: B

We head off early in our own private vehicle, for the six or so hours, 206km drive to Pokhara.  It's time to just sit back and relax as the classic middle hills countryside unfolds from our windows.  At anytime we can let the driver know we want a stop, and we'll purchase lunch along the way. 

From the laid back charm of the hotels along Phewa Lake in Pokhara, we can see the striking 8,000m plus Annapurna and Manaslu ranges, and contemplate that tomorrow we will be cycling beyond these mountains, into the Forbidden Kingdom of Lo, Upper Mustang.

Farm house, middle hills Nepal
Reflections of Pokhara and mountains on Fewa Lake, Annapurna, Nepal
Machapuchare towering over Pokhara
Day 4: Ride Jomsom 2,270m to Kagbeni 2,810m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Jomsom to Kagbeni with Wanderlust Journeys

To avoid the winds that start blowing up the Kali Gandaki valley mid-morning, we take an early flight to Jomsom 2,720m, offering spectacular views of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna massifs.  After assembling our bikes, we throw our gear in the support vehicle, grab a coffee or a bite and then start our first experience of riding at altitude, to Kagbeni.   

A great way to acclimatise is to cycle high and sleep low.  If everyone is coping with the altitude, around halfway we will leave the road, and flattish sand and rock river trail behind, to head east into the mountains to the Bon village of Lupra 3,021m, where black magic is still practised.

From here we'll cross the Panda Khola and head north again on a little used mountain trail, climbing to our top height of the day at around 3,160m, then enjoying our first descent to Kabeni 2,810m, the gateway to the forbidden kingdom of Lo.

View of mountian on flight Pokhara to Jomsom
Jomsom Airport
Road running next to Kali Gandaki River
Laneway in Kagbeni, Mustang
Bike in laneway in Kagbeni, Mustang, Nepal
Path through Kagbeni, Mustang, Nepal
Sign for Hotel Dragon, Kagbeni, Nepal
View of room in a teahouse, Mustang, Nepal
Mountain bike againt stone wall in Kagbeni, Mustang, Nepal
Day 5: Ride Kagbeni 2,810 to Chele 3,050m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Kagbeni to Chele with Wanderlust Journeys

After having our Upper Mustang permits recorded in the Police checkpoint at the northern end of town, we can start our adventure in this long forbidden region.

We'll try a minor trail on the western side of the Kali Ghandaki, between the river and the road, climbing gradually for the first 7kms.  Then after a small descent to cross the Gyalungbo Khola, we start a big 900m climb to Mani La 3,800m.    At the top we'll be gasping for air and more than ready for the 6km descent back to the Kali Ghandaki, crossing over to Chhusang for a well-earned lunch.  

Across the river are spectacular red organ pipe cliffs dotted with inaccessible, prehistoric caves and the ruins of dzongs (forts), on the hills behind the town.   The Mentsun Khang cave gompa, which houses ancient and unrestored statues, is just above the southern part of town.  If we can find the man with the keys, we can climb the wobbly ladders and step back into the atmosphere of ancient Tibet.

The trail then heads north, crosses the Narshing Khola, and hugs the Kali Ghandaki river, rising and falling according to the eroded banks.  We descend to where a chunk of red cliff has fallen, blocking the valley and creating a tunnel for the river to flow through.  Here amongst the many ancient caves in the cliff walls, we cross a steel bridge and leave the Kali Ghandaki valley behind with a short, steep climb into Chele. 

Walking mountain bike on makeshift timber bridge across Kali Gandaki River, Mustang
Mountain bike riding up stone trail, Uperr Mutang, Nepal
Cave entrance with prayer flags, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Chusang village, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Steel bridge across Kali Gandaki river, near Chele in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Steel bridge before Chele
Day 6: Ride Chele 3050m to Ghemi 3,520m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D 

Elevation graph, cycling Chele to Ghemi with Wanderlust Journeys

Heading north, the culture changes from Manangi to Tibetan.  This morning starts with the choice of a steep, breathless, switchback climb along the side of a spectacular canyon or the thrill of riding across a high and long suspension bridge, with a slightly longer and easier climb.  Both trails meet just before Dajori La 3735m, then a long gradual descent to Samar.  

We'll take the right fork after exiting Samar and climb to Chungsi La 3810m.  Then a long single track to the canyon floor before stopping to visit Chungsi Cave, an important Buddhist pilgrimage site.  It is believed the famous Guru Rinpoche meditated here in the 8th century.  A gradual climb through the canyon will lead us into the village of Syanboche, then a short steep ascent to Syanboche La 3850m, to pick up the road for a fast descent, before veering right onto the trail into Ghilling.

One more big climb for the day as we take an alternative trail north above Ghilling to our highest point of the day at 3927m.   We follow the ridge east to a minor trail and head north along the ridge before finding the trekking trail again and descending down to Ghemi. 

Mountain bike riders climbing narrow trail in gorge in Upper Mustang, Nepa.
Mountain bikerider descending on trail in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Mountain bike rider descending trail in Uppe Mustang, Nepal
Chungsi La Pass heading towards Samar, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Chungsi La
Day 7: Ride Ghemi 3,520m to Lo-Manthang 3,810m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Ghemi to Lo-Manthang with Wanderlust Journeys

We'll briefly head west out of Ghemi, cross the Ghami Khola and then a short climb over Sang La, providing stunning views of the cliffs of Dhakmar, coloured red from the blood of a dragon, slayed by Guru Rinpoche.

A steep drop to Dhakmar, then a gradual climb through a narrow valley of bizarre, eroded rock formations, leading to Mui La 4170m.  After admiring the view of the Annapurna ranges, another short descent brings us to the one of the oldest monastery's in Mustang, Ghar Gompa.

Among the ancient alcoves and statues of this 8th century gompa are the real treasures of hundreds of painted, carved stones, hanging in frames

Lunch is an easy ride eastward in either Sakure or Marang, and then we hit the minor trails again up to Manga La 4230m.  Some high plateau riding brings us back to the Lo-Manthang trekking trail, which is a fun single track leading to the white-washed, southern wall of the capital.  We cycle around to the northeastern corner to enter.

Founded back in the 14th century, the forbidden Kingdom of Lo flourished, due to being part of the salt route between India and Tibet.  By the 18th century it came under Nepal, but being hidden away in mountains, it was left alone and remained a Tibetan Buddhist enclave even after China entered Tibet.  

The red cliffs of Dhakmar, seen from Sang La Pass, Upper Musang, Nepal
Dhakmar's red cliffs from Sang La
Narrow valley of bizarre, eroded rock formations leading to Mui La, Upper Mutang, Nepal
Entrance to Char Gompa, Upper Mustang, Nepal
The canyons surrounding Lo-Manthang, capital of Upper Mustang, Nepal
Lo-Manthang canyons
Day 8-10: Lo-Manthang 3,810m and surrounds   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Over these next few days we will use Lo-Manthang as our base, with the chance to explore the town and head out on exploratory rides, laying the first ever set of tyre tracks on the ancient trails in this unique part of the world.

After obtaining local knowledge about the more remote trails, we can choose where we want to explore each day.   Some of our options include heading north to the Tibetan border, west to the glacial peaks or just playing around on single tracks in the more popular loop between Lo-Manthang and Garphu.  

Capital o Upper Mustang, Lo-Manthang
Street in Lo-Manthang, capital of Upper Musang, Nepal
Woman walking in alleyway in Lo-Manthang, capita of UpperMutang, Nepal
Chortens outside Lo-Manthang, capital of Upper Mustang, Nepal
Part of our playground for three days
Mountain bike rider hading down valey in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Mountain bike rider about to cross suspension bridge in UpperMustang, Nepal
Mountain bikeriderracing down valley with mountains behind in Upper Mutang, Nepal
Day 11: Ride Lo-Manthang 3,810m to Yara 3,650m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Lo-Manthang to Yara with Wanderlust Journeys

Heading east out of the capital, we soon leave the trail along the river and climb to a high plateau.  Rolling at around 4,300m ride we eventually hook up with a quiet trekking trail to take us south over two passes and then detour to play in some canyons before emerging above Ghara.  We drop down for some lunch followed by an easy ride to the extraordinary caves of Luri Gompa, hidden in a landscape of magical, fluted cliffs. 

The 14th century gompa is situated on a ledge, about 100 metres above the valley floor.  We climb a notched ladder to enter the inner chamber, a rounded space with one small window illuminating a six metre high chorten.  Both the chorten and the domed ceiling above are decorated with painted images in Indian and Kashmiri style.  The small lama portraits possibly reflect Persian or Byzantine influence.

​Leaving Luri, it's a short gentle downhill along the Puyung Khola, before emerging on the plains around Yara, our stop for the night.

Aerial shot of mountaing in
Mountain bike bliss
View towards Tsarang, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Woman at entrance of cave in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Art work inside Luri Gomp, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Yara in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Day 12: Ride Yarra 3,650m to Tangye 3,340m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Yara to Tangye with Wanderlust Journeys

Today is a shorter day on the bike, unless we decide to play on the high plateau above Dhey, where the stunning views continue to be with us. 

Leaving Yara, we immediatly cross the Puyung Khola and ride along a plateau until reaching the Dhechyang Khola.  This area is well known for the abundance of black ammonite fossils.  Roughly 65 million years old, they are remnants of ancient sea organisms dating back to the era when the Tibetan Plateau was the sea floor.

Taking the quieter trail to the east, it's a short stretch along the riverbed before climbing to Dhey.   We'll continue climbing to Sertang La 4280m, then a long descent along the ridge and a steep drop to the Tanggee Khola brings us into Tangye village.

Mountain bike rider at top of trail in Upper Mutstang, Nepal
Ammonite fossil found n Upper Mustang, Nepal
Tangye village in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Day 13: Ride Tange 3,340m to Chhusang 2,980m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Tangye to Chhusang with Wanderlust Journeys

This morning we follow the Yak Khola south for around 3kms, then a short steep climb back to the high plateaus and the soft, dusty yak trails.  Here we spend the next 10kms or so cruising over 4,000m, with full-length views of the oddly eroded mountains, Kali Gandaki Valley, Annapurna, Nilgiri and Dhaulagiri peaks. 

Above Chhusang, we cycle along the breathtaking edge of the 6km fluted ridge of Siyarko Tangk Danda, before dramatically dropping 800ms to the village below.

​If we feel we want to stay on the trail longer today, we can always explore the gentler western face of Siyarko Tangk Danda, which leads down to the Mustang Khola.

Hill and mountais in Upper Mustang, Nepal
Ruins on hills, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Tetang village, Upper Mustang, Nepal
Siyarko Tang Danda
Day 14: Ride Chhusang 2,980m to Jomsom 2,720m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Chhusnag to Jomsom with Wanderlust Journeys

Our last day in Upper Mustang is a big ride.  We can take the main trail out of Tetang, climbing through a canyon to Gyu La 4,077m, or a more interesting and slightly longer ride going around the east.  

For those of us feeling strong, the big challenge is just past Gyu La.  A climb / carry up to 5,252m for the most spectacular, clear view of the Kali Ghandaki valley, Annapurna Massif and, behind us, all of Upper Mustang.  Here, high on the border of the Forbidden Kingdom, the last 9 days of cycling are laid out below us.  It's a chance to quietly absorb the enormity of our adventure and reflect on our achievements, the culture, and the people we met along the way.

But it's not over yet, as we turn for the exhilarating descent, down two knife-edge ridges and an endless set of rocky and dusty switchbacks before finally hitting to the plateau for a short roll to the Muktinath Temple complex.  

With one Hindu pagoda style temple and three Tibetan gompas, the complex is a sacred pilgrimage place for both religions.  The current Buddhist-Hindu pagoda style temple was built in 1815, at the orders of the Nepali Queen, to venerate Lord Vishnu.  The Hindus see Vishnu as Muktinath, (Lord of Salvation), while the Buddhists worship Vishnu as Avalokiteshavara (Lord of Compassion).

​Around the temple is a semi-circular wall of 108 waterspouts, cast in the shape of bulls' heads and pouring forth sacred water from the Gandaki river.  Pilgrims walk under each spout and then take a holy dip in the frigid waters of the two ponds (Kunda), to wash away negative karma and bring salvation.  Those of us brave enough to save our souls are free to join them.

​All the way down to Pokhara, we will pass groups of Buddhist and Hindu pilgrims, Tibetan traders and Sadhus (wandering, Hindu ascetic holy men from as far as southern India), all making the holy journey, to be blessed at Muktinath.

​After our ice-bath, we soon leave the main trail and ride down into the Lupra valley, cross the Panda Khola and climb high above Lupra village.  Crossing the ridge to the next valley south, we have another wild descent of about 900m.  The first half is switchbacks on the side of the mountain, the second half is along the descending valley floor, fast and free flowing, and bringing us into Jomsom.

Looking back towards Gyu La from Muktinath, Mustang, Nepal
Looking back at Gyu La
Muktinath Temple, Mustang Nepal
One of the 108 spouts at Muktinath Temple, Mustang, Nepal
Candles inside Muktinath temple, Mustang, Nepal
Muktinath Temple
Above Lupra village in Mustang, Nepal
Riding above Lupra
Jomsom.MainstreeSergey Pashko_edited.jpg
Shop in Jomsom, Mustang, Nepal
Bustling Jomsom
Day 15: Jomsom 2,720m to Tatopani 1,190m   Accomodation: Tea House  Meals: B L D

Elevation graph, cycling Jomsom to Tatopani with Wanderlust Journeys

Even though we have become used to the Khali Gandaki howling winds, an early start before the mid-morning, southerly blow, will make our ride through the exposed upper part of the gorge easier. 

It's a long day on the machine and a fun one with very little climbing.  The biggest plus, as we descend, is the amount of oxygen we can again suck into our lungs, and we'll have never felt stronger.

If the height of the Kali Ghandaki allows, we'll stay east of the river avoiding the road, and soon leave the barren landscape behind, as we enter the tree-line and vegetation starts to appear all around us.  Small villages are dotted everywhere with teahouses offering us all sorts of treats to help us along the trail.  Yak trains will be replaced by pony trains, dogs, chooks, kids, porters, trekkers, and pilgrims will share our path, and the more we descend, the forest will fight for space with farming on patchwork, terraced hill-sides.  

Just before the halfway mark, we'll head diagonally inland for a section, with a small climb to Titi and the lovely traditional village of Kunjo, offering excellent views of Nilgiri, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Tukuche peaks.  The day so far has been a gradual, undulating downhill, but over the next 18kms we will drop 1500m to Tatopani.   

Tatopani means hot water, and below the town, next to the river are hot springs.  Two stone pools of 37C have been built and it's bliss on our aching muscles after all those days in the saddle.

Kali Gandaki river valley, Mustang, Nepal
Two mountain bike riders on trail next to river in Mustang, Nepal
Ridng back into the tree-line in the Kali Gandaki Valley, Nepal
Riding out of the dust and back to the trees
Trail along the Kali Ganaki river on Annapurnacircuit, Nepal
The trail surface constantly changes
Pony train crossing suspension bridge near Tatopani, Annapurna, Nepa
Near Tatopani
Day 16: Tatopani 1,190m to Pokhara 827m   Accomodation: Hotel  Meals: B

Elevation graph, cycling Tatopani to Nayapul with Wanderlust Journeys

Our last day on a Himalayan trail, so why not one last gut busting grind?

We'll take one of our last rides over the eclectic assortment of Nepali bridges, making our way back to the eastern side of the river where the fun starts.  Meandering through the villages, we have a relatively steady climb of 1700m in around 14kms, to Ghorepani.

​For the purists, we can tackle a final 300m climb to Poon Hill 3193m.  While this is a mecca for sunrise photos, the panoramic view of Dhaulagiri, Tukche, Nilgiri, Annapurna South, Annapurna 1, Hiunchuli and Tarke Kang, is spectacular anytime of the day. 

​We now have 16kms to drop 2150m.  A quick descent off Poon Hill and back through Ghorepani, takes us into magnificent oak and rhododendron forests with sparkling clear streams.  After dropping a 1,000m we hit the never ending, bone shaking, stone staircase from Ulleri to Tikkedhungga.

​Once we are over the 3,300 steps, it’s a short ride through bamboo forests, with a waterfall and swimming hole, before finding the road just below Hille.  Here we will use a mixture of road and trail to Birethanti, cross the bridge and compete with traffic for the last kilometre or so to Nayapul 1,070m.  Our ride is over!

​After riding one of the most amazing places on earth, there is little point in choking on diesel fumes and playing chicken with the trucks and buses along the Baglung highway, so we will drive the 40kms to Pokhara.

PoonHill_Ocskay Bence.jpg
Poon Hill
Terraced fields and trail in Annapurnas
The trail winds through Nepal's middle hills
Tikhedhunga village, Annapurna region, Nepal
Steps down from Tikhedhunga, Annapurna region, Nepal
Metal bridge to Nayapul, Annapurna region, Nepal
Riding forever down before reaching the road
Day 17-18: Pokhara   Accomodation: Hotel  Meals: B

Paradise is wrapped around a tranquil lake in sub-tropical Pokhara, a laid back version of Kathmandu.  Lakeside is a 3km strip following the shoreline of Phew Tal, where everything is available and everyone is chilled, and we have two days to kick back and indulge.

To relax, we can drink in hammocks by the lake, eat hourly in a different restaurant, be soothed with a pummelling massage, join a meditation or yoga class, or explore the myriad of shops selling everything from prayer flags to Khukuri knives and dubious antiques.  Sights include old Pokhara, the International Mountain Museum, Gurkha Museum, Tibetan refugee settlement, carpet factory and monasteries. 

If we feel like moving, we can row, kayak or stand-up paddle under the reflection of the mountains, hike up to the Peace Pagoda for stunning views, and there is great cycling everywhere for anyone who wants to stay in the saddle.

For the adrenaline junkies amongst us, behind the tranquillity of Lakeside is a growing adventure sports industry.   Pokhara is the most picturesque paragliding and skydiving arena in the world and both disciplines offer tandem jumps as well as lessons.  If you want a closer look at the mountains, fly through the clouds in an ultralight.   Fall from grace with a bungee jump or hurtle through the air on the worlds tallest, longest and steepest zip line - 1.8kms, a drop of 600 meters, and reaching speeds of 120kmh.

In the evenings, there is a healthy range of nightlife with every type of cuisine imaginable, an outdoor cinema and live music in many of the bars, most with free entry.  Just remember, things start to wind down after 11pm and we all turn into pumpkins at midnight when everything closes.

Boats on Fewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal
Paragliding over Fewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal
Ultralight at sunset nea Pokhara, Nepal
Shops in Pokhara, Nepal
Restaurant over looking Fewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal
Dal Bhat meal, Nepal
Day 19: Fly Pokhara to Kathmandu   Accomodation: Hotel  Meals: B

The 30-minute flight from Pokhara to Kathmandu offers amazing Himalayan views from the left side of the plane.  For the rest of the day we can lose ourselves in the maze of back alleys and lanes, between our hotel and Kathmandu Durbar Square.

Annapurna ranges from flight Pokhara to Kathmandu, Nepal
Patan Durbar Square, Kathmandu, Nepal
Children walking down lane in Bhaktapur, Nepal
Street inThamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
Day 20: Kathmandu   Accomodation: Hotel  Meals: B
A free day to explore the craziness of Kathmandu.  Explore ancient temples, take a guided sightseeing tour, cycle nearby hills, eat, shop or rest.  
The choice of restaurant will be difficult for our last night in Nepal, and hopefully our guides can join us for the final celebration of an amazing adventure.
Day 21: Overnight Flight   Meals: B
A leisurely morning around the hotel before goodbyes and transfer to the airport.   
Day 22

Arrive back in Australia.  

Mountain bike rider on trail in front of snowy mountains, Nepal


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All photos by Wanderlust Journeys unless otherwise credited.

Wanderlust Journeys | Australia